Using sources

Choose the Right Synonym for source Noun originsourceinceptionroot mean the point at which something begins its course or existence.

Using sources

For direct quotations, citations alone are NOT sufficient; you must enclose the quoted material in quotation marks. When used judiciously, quotations serve a number of important functions in a well-crafted paper. When you paraphrase, you must cite the source.

You also must fully rewrite the original language and original sentence structure.

Don't want to cite by hand?

A common mistake is partial paraphrasing. If you retain even a short phrase or a distinctive word, use quotation marks. Incorrect and correct examples of paraphrasing: When paraphrasing, you must rewrite the original language, change the original sentence structure, and cite the source according to the expectations of the discipline.

Original text Descartes introduces the possibility that the world is controlled by a malicious demon who has employed all his energies to deceive him Lu Incorrect paraphrase Descartes suggests that the world is controlled by an evil demon who may be using his energies to deceive Lu Correct paraphrase Descartes suggests that the evil power who rules the world may be attempting to mislead him Lu Borrowed ideas come in many forms, including original concepts, observations, data, and logic.

Include a citation when you use: Common Knowledge You do not need to cite an idea that is standard information of the discipline, such as material discussed in class or general information your reader knows or can locate easily e.

Such information is widely available and not disputed. You do need to cite a fact that is not common knowledge, e.

Using sources

Beware of over-citing, which is usually the result of unnecessary citing of general knowledge or excessive reliance on source material. Remember to check with your instructor if you are unsure whether to cite information. Integrating Source Material When introducing source material, avoid using a weak lead-in verb, e.

Be sure to smoothly integrate the quotation into the surrounding language, matching the syntax of the quotation to the syntax of the surrounding statement. Strategies for integrating source material: Use a full independent clause of your own to introduce the source material: Weave quoted text into the logic of your sentence: After you have presented the quotation or paraphrase, tie it your argument.

Explain to your reader why the idea is significant in the context of your ideas. Each discipline uses a style of documentation that best serves its purposes.

Humanities prefer parenthetical citation with author and page number Flynn Sciences prefer parenthetical citation with author and year of publication Beck Social sciences prefer author, date, and page Lu These OWL resources will help you conduct research using primary source methods, such as interviews and observations, and secondary source methods, such as books, journals, and the Internet.

Using sources

This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. Using Research. Jun 22,  · Learn how to use academic sources in your research paper or project. (Hartness Library CCV/Vermont Tech). The Harvard Guide to Using Sources offers essential information about the use of sources in academic writing.

To receive the most benefit, read the guide from beginning to end. To receive the most benefit, read the guide from beginning to end. HOME - FINDING - EVALUATING - USING.

Primary sources are the building blocks of historical research and should provide the foundation of your argument and interpretation, whereas secondary sources should inform and supplement the primary sources.

When you are required to conduct research and to use sources to develop and support your ideas, one of the primary questions that you run into is how to use source material appropriately and to the best effect. Depending on the style guide of the project (APA, MLA, Chicago, ), different conventions and expectations are needed for using .

Using Primary Sources Primary sources are the raw materials of history — original documents and objects which were created at the time under study. They are different from secondary sources, accounts or interpretations of events created by someone without firsthand experience.

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