Symptoms and treatment of cancer

X-rays, possibly with a barium meal an angiogram Biopsy This can confirm a diagnosis. The doctor removes a small sample of tissue for examination under the microscope.

Symptoms and treatment of cancer

Cancer is not a single disease. Most types of cancer form a tumor, a lump or mass of cancerous cells. Cells from a tumor may break away and travel to other parts of the body, where they can settle and multiply.

This spreading process is called metastasis. New cancers that have broken off and spread from the original tumor are called metastases. Symptoms Symptoms vary widely depending on the type, location, size, and extent of the cancer.

Some cancers can exist for many years without causing any symptoms or decrease life expectancy. Common examples are small, non-aggressive prostate and breast cancers.

Other cancers can be relatively small and localized to one spot but cause significant pain. Widespread cancer can often lead to marked fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

Some cancers release substances into the blood that can cause symptoms unrelated to the location or size of the original tumor. For example, one type of lung cancer produces chemicals that trigger unusual neurological symptoms.

Diagnosis Your doctor will review your medical history and perform a thorough physical examination. He or she will ask about your family history of cancer. In the initial phase of diagnostic evaluation, blood tests and CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis are performed.

Colorectal cancer — symptoms, causes and treatment

Almost always, a biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis and to provide information that will guide prognosis and therapy. Expected Duration How long cancer lasts depends on its type and response to treatment.

Symptoms and treatment of cancer

Some cancers grow so slowly that they persist, but never cause harm. Other cancers can grow and spread quickly despite therapy. Prevention The number one way to prevent the most dangerous types of cancer is to not smoke cigarettes or use other tobacco products. Other ways to help prevent cancer include: Treatment For some cancers, no treatment may be necessary because they are very slow-growing.

Low-grade prostate cancer in men over the age of 70 is a good example of a cancer that often does not require immediate treatment. Most cancers do require active treatment. If the cancer is confined to only one spot in the body, surgery offers an excellent chance of cure.

Cancers of the bone marrow and lymph nodes are treated with chemotherapy and sometimes bone marrow transplant. The chances of cure for many of these types of cancer have improved dramatically. Many other types of cancers are also treated with chemotherapy.

The goal may be to control the cancer, rather than cure it. Other treatments for cancer may include: Radiation kills most cancer cells. The area of the body exposed to radiation is carefully planned to avoid damage to normal tissues.

Certain cancers such as breast cancer and prostate cancer grow faster in response to sex hormones such as estrogen, progesteroneor testosterone.

What are signs and symptoms?

By blocking those hormones, cancer cell growth can slow or stop. This therapy uses a special chemotherapy drug that only kills cancer cells with a certain trait.Bladder Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment; Thyroid Cancer.

Thyroid cancers are very common, but thankfully the majority of these tumors have very high survival rates as well.

Most of these tumors are either papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, or medullary thyroid cancer.

Cancer Overview. Cancer, also called malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma.

Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery. Breast cancer survival rates have increased, and the number of deaths associated with this disease is steadily declining, largely due to factors such as earlier detection, a new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.

Cancer treatments and cancer can cause side effects. Side effects are problems that occur when treatment affects healthy tissues or organs. Speak up about any side effects you have, or changes you notice, so your health care team can treat or help you to reduce these side effects.

Colorectal cancer (also known as colon cancer or bowel cancer) is the 6 th common cause of cancer deaths in India.

It develops due to overgrowth of cells lining the colon and the rectum. The colon. Symptoms vary widely depending on the type, location, size, and extent of the cancer.

Some cancers can exist for many years without causing any symptoms or decrease life expectancy. Common examples are small, non-aggressive prostate and breast cancers.

Signs and Symptoms of Cancer | Do I Have Cancer?