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· Mental Health Equality People with serious socio-emotional and emotional disturbances are challenged in many aspects of life. Historically people of color with serious mental health related issues had little assistance and chances to having their needs met equally to iridis-photo-restoration.com://iridis-photo-restoration.com?id= · Mental Health Patients and the Nature of Consent: The MHA 12(2) allows for doctors to treat mental health patients without consent, except in specific circumstances. Certain treatments require consent or a second opinion, and others require both consent and a second iridis-photo-restoration.com://iridis-photo-restoration.com · The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast different sociological perspectives of health and illness. The definition of health, rather than being absolute is always relative and it differs from person to person. According to the WHO: “Health is a state of complete physical, social and mental iridis-photo-restoration.com
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract This paper uses a framework developed for gender and tropical diseases for the analysis of non-communicable diseases and conditions in developing and industrialized countries.
The framework illustrates that gender interacts with the social, economic and biological determinants and consequences of tropical diseases to create different health outcomes for males and females.
Whereas the framework was previously limited to developing countries where tropical infectious diseases are more prevalent, the present paper demonstrates that gender has an important effect on the determinants and consequences of health and illness in industrialized countries as well.
This paper reviews a large number of studies on the interaction between gender and the determinants and consequences of chronic diseases and shows how these interactions result in different approaches to prevention, treatment, and coping with illness.
Specific examples of chronic diseases are discussed in each section with respect to both developing and industrialized countries. Simply put, sex refers to biological differences, whereas gender refers to social differences. In the last decade, a considerable amount of research has been conducted in the area of gender and health, including gender differences in vulnerability to, and the impact of, specific health conditions.
Gender has been shown to influence how health policies are conceived and implemented, how biomedical and contraceptive technologies are developed, and how the health system responds to male and female clients 2. Gender analysis in health has been undertaken mainly by social scientists who observed that biological differences alone cannot adequately explain health behaviour.
Health outcomes also depend upon social and economic factors that, in turn, are influenced by cultural and political conditions in society.
To understand health and illness, both sex and gender must be taken into account. This paper builds upon a gender framework from the field of tropical diseases 3 by examining to what extent the framework applies equally to non-communicable diseases.
For example, the gender differences in the social determinants of tropical diseases include the different roles of men and women in the household, status within the household and community, and cultural norms affecting risks of infection.
These factors influence exposure of women and men to diseases such as malaria because men are more likely to be exposed to mosquitoes in certain work environments such as forestry or mining 3. The gender differences in the consequences of tropical diseases include how illness is experienced, treatment-seeking behaviour, nature of treatment, and care and support received from the family and care providers.
In the case of HIV-associated disease, for instance, the economic consequences may be worse for women who are left with families to support when husbands become infected and die, or they may not be able to earn income or support their families when they themselves are ill.
Whereas this framework previously was limited only to developing countries where tropical diseases are mainly found, this paper expands the analysis to include industrialized countries as well. The paper brings together the findings of various studies to identify how gender interacts with the determinants and consequences of health and illness.
Whereas previous research based on this framework was limited to developing countries, the present analysis demonstrates that gender has an important effect on the determinants and consequences of non-communicable diseases and conditions in both developing and industrialized countries.
In each section of the paper, one example of a chronic disease or condition is provided to illustrate how the gender framework can be equally applied to developing and industrialized societies.
There is no systematic body of knowledge on gender and chronic diseases, although there is a considerable literature emerging on specific diseases such as those discussed in this paper. Based on research findings on gender, several hypotheses have been proposed. Verbrugge, for example, argued that gender differences are more pronounced for prolonged, mild conditions than for acute, life-threatening or severe ones 4.
However, further research on specific diseases, including tropical infectious diseases, has added new findings that need to be taken into account. Charmaz notes the importance of examining gender differences in non-communicable diseases and that the experience of illness is strongly related to gender identities 5.
The following analysis, therefore, brings together two areas of investigation—tropical infectious diseases and chronic non-communicable diseases—by showing that the framework from tropical diseases also applies to chronic diseases.
It also draws out conclusions regarding gender and chronic diseases by comparing the results of the various studies of different diseases or conditions. By way of illustration, examples of non-communicable diseases or conditions are highlighted under the headings of social, economic and biological determinants and consequences respectively to demonstrate their interaction with gender variables.People with mental health problems face poverty, homelessness and unemployment due to discrimination in the workplace and the benefits system, according to research published today.
· Mental Health Equality People with serious socio-emotional and emotional disturbances are challenged in many aspects of life. Historically people of color with serious mental health related issues had little assistance and chances to having their needs met equally to iridis-photo-restoration.com://iridis-photo-restoration.com?id= · health and social problems?
September Karen Rowlingson (National Equality Panel, ). But should. we be concerned about this? This report provides an independent review of the research in this field, mental health, physical health and so on..
UK Income inequality., iridis-photo-restoration.com · UK Essays is a UK-based essay writing company established in We specialise in providing students with high quality essay and dissertation writing services.
UK Essays is a UK-based essay writing company established in We specialise in providing students with high quality essay and dissertation writing iridis-photo-restoration.com://iridis-photo-restoration.com · Women's health in India can be examined in terms of multiple indicators, which vary by geography, socioeconomic standing and culture.
To adequately improve the health of women in India multiple dimensions of wellbeing must be analysed in relation to global health averages and also in comparison to men in India. Health is an important factor that contributes to human wellbeing and Gender bias in access to healthcare · Problems with India’s healthcare systemiridis-photo-restoration.com's_health_in_India.
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