We accept contributed content from serious voices across the small wars community, then publish it here as quickly as we can, per our Editorial Policy, to help fuel timely, thoughtful, and unvarnished discussion of the diverse and complex issues inherent in small wars. Moreover, we need to treat planning not as a one-time activity but as an ongoing, iterative affair that is responsive to the continual and multifaceted changes characteristic of complex crises. El Centro Field Note No. The author met with this sicario four times to interview him about his life story.
There are numerous minor groups, various tribal Turkic groups QashqaiAfsharetc. Some of the main ethnic groups in Iran are also religious minorities.
Some of these groups, however, have large Shi'a minorties, and the overwhelming majority of Persians and Azeris are Shi'a. Many of the traditionally tribal groups have become urbanized and culturally assimilated during the 19th and 20th centuries, so that ethnic identity in many cases is less than clear-cut.
There have also been considerable intermarriage rates between certain groups, and nearly all groups are fluent in Persianin many cases marginalizing their traditional native tongue.
Many Iranian provinces have radio and television stations in local language or dialect.
School education is in Persianthe official languagebut use of regional languages is allowed under the constitution of the Islamic Republicand Azeri language and culture is studied at universities and other institutions of higher education. Official documents, correspondence, and texts, as well as text-books, must be in this language and script.
These include land and property confiscations, denial of state and para-statal employment under the gozinesh criteria and restrictions on social, cultural, linguistic and religious freedoms which often result in other human rights violations such as the imprisonment of prisoners of conscience, grossly unfair trials of political prisoners before Revolutionary Courts, corporal punishment and use of the death penalty, as well as restrictions on movement and denial of other civil rights.
John Bradley is of the opinion that: Many, if not most, members of the national cultural and political elite have mixed ethnic roots.
Most provincial governors and many members of the local ruling classes and clergy are members of the relevant ethnic groups. Separatist tendencies, led by some groups such as the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran and Komalah in Iranian Kurdistanfor example, had led to frequent unrest and occasional military crackdown throughout the s and even to the present.
The Republic of Mahabad in Iran which was the second independent Kurdish state of the 20th century, after the Republic of Ararat in modern Turkey ; and the second time after the Iranian Revolution in There is a province in Iran called Kordestan province. The Iranian name their planes after the province in Iran [including Kordestan]".
However, ethnic minorities seeking more autonomy are suspected of being instigated by foreign powers. Foreign involvement One of the major internal policy challenges during the centuries up until now for most or all Iranian governments has been to find the appropriate and balanced approach to the difficulties and opportunities caused by this diversity, particularly as this ethnic or sectarian divisions have often been readily utilized by foreign powers, notably during the Iran—Iraq War.
According to Professor Richard Frye: Likewise the Baluch, Turkmen, Armenians and Kurds, although with bonds to their kinsmen on the other side of borders, are conscious of the power and richness of Persian culture and willing to participate in it. Professor Efraim Karsh traces out the origins of Saddam Hussein's wish to annex Khuzestan using the ethnic card: This did not happen.Introduction.
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is an international household survey program developed by UNICEF.
It has been conducted in more than countries of the world. In Balochistan, first MICS was conducted during at district level with the technical and financial assistance of UNICEF.
- Assess current situation of. current issues China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) One of the biggest issues that Balochistan is facing at the moment is the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), specifically the manner in which it is being implemented without due regard to the indigenous Baloch people.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The present study focuses on the perceptions of university students regarding their marriages and selection of marriage partner.
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Insights IAS MINDMAPS on Important Current Issues for UPSC Civil Services Exam. The following mindmaps are designed keeping in mind the demand of UPSC civil services Mains exam.