Berkeley Red, White, and Bruised: Bloodied by combat, Japan's disabled veterans were heroically cast as "heroes in white," a term derived from the white hospital gowns that they habitually wore in public. But, afterthese living casualties of war had to endure not only the trauma of battle and the unease of newly-acquired disabilities but also military occupation by the very-same foe that battered their bodies and shattered their lives. In what ways did total war and total defeat shape the Japanese disabled veteran of the Second World War?
That same year in Germany, engineer Konrad Zuse built his Z2 computer, also using telephone company relays.
The Institute of East Asian Studies organizes and sponsors research and public service programs related to the history, cultures and contemporary affairs of East Asia, at the University of California, Berkeley. This open-access online general chemistry video repository, offered not-for-credit and free of charge from UC Berkeley, provides students an introduction to the world of chemistry as seen from a broad variety of perspectives. Emphasis is on organization and delivery, with the goal of improving control over speaking habits and enunciation. A further goal is to introduce students to the foundation of rhetorical theory that underpins the practice of public speaking.
Their first product, the HP A Audio Oscillator, rapidly became a popular piece of test equipment for engineers.
Stibitz stunned the group by performing calculations remotely on the CNC located in New York City using a Teletype terminal connected via to New York over special telephone lines. This is likely the first example of remote access computing.
Konrad Zuse finishes the Z3 Computer The Zuse Z3 Computer The Z3, an early computer built by German engineer Konrad Zuse working in complete isolation from developments elsewhere, uses 2, relays, performs floating point binary arithmetic, and has a bit word length.
The Z3 was used for aerodynamic calculations but was destroyed in a bombing raid on Berlin in late Zuse later supervised a reconstruction of the Z3 in the s, which is currently on display at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.
Hundreds of allied bombes were built in order to determine the daily rotor start positions of Enigma cipher machines, which in turn allowed the Allies to decrypt German messages.
The basic idea for bombes came from Polish code-breaker Marian Rejewski's "Bomba. The machine was designed and built by Atanasoff and graduate student Clifford Berry between and The legal result was a landmark: Atanasoff was declared the originator of several basic computer ideas, but the computer as a concept was declared un-patentable and thus freely open to all.
The replica is currently on display at the Computer History Museum. Bell Labs Relay Interpolator is completed George Stibitz circa The US Army asked Bell Laboratories to design a machine to assist in testing its M-9 gun director, a type of analog computer that aims large guns to their targets.
Mathematician George Stibitz recommends using a relay-based calculator for the project. The Relay Interpolator used relays, and since it was programmable by paper tape, was used for other applications following the war. The team first builds a large analog computer, but found it inaccurate and inflexible.
After designers saw a demonstration of the ENIAC computer, they decided instead on a digital approach, while at the same time the project changed from a flight simulator to an air defense system. A total of ten Colossi were delivered, each using as many as 2, vacuum tubes. A series of pulleys transported continuous rolls of punched paper tape containing possible solutions to a particular code.
Colossus reduced the time to break Lorenz messages from weeks to hours. Most historians believe that the use of Colossus machines significantly shortened the war by providing evidence of enemy intentions and beliefs.
The Mark 1 produced mathematical tables but was soon superseded by electronic stored-program computers. John von Neumann writes First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC John von Neumann In a widely circulated paper, mathematician John von Neumann outlines the architecture of a stored-program computer, including electronic storage of programming information and data -- which eliminates the need for more clumsy methods of programming such as plugboards, punched cards and paper.
Hungarian-born von Neumann demonstrated prodigious expertise in hydrodynamics, ballistics, meteorology, game theory, statistics, and the use of mechanical devices for computation. Because of its electronic, as opposed to electromechanical, technology, it is over 1, times faster than any previous computer.
ENIAC used panel-to-panel wiring and switches for programming, occupied more than 1, square feet, used about 18, vacuum tubes and weighed 30 tons. It was believed that ENIAC had done more calculation over the ten years it was in operation than all of humanity had until that time. The first program, consisting of seventeen instructions and written by Kilburn, ran on June 21st, This was the first program to ever run on an electronic stored-program computer.Emphasis is on organization and delivery, with the goal of improving control over speaking habits and enunciation.
A further goal is to introduce students to the foundation of rhetorical theory that underpins the practice of public speaking. Catalog - B.S., Fashion Merchandising and Management Page 3 of 8 retail operation, concentrating on design, back-end services, operations, distribution, customer service, and global scalability.
Students learn strategies to build effective interactive media marketing strategies, including social media and search engine optimization.
California rolls The California roll [aka Kappa Maki, Cucumber Roll, California Maki, Kashu Maki] is a classic example of "American sushi," early fusion cuisine . The Institute of East Asian Studies organizes and sponsors research and public service programs related to the history, cultures and contemporary affairs of East Asia, at the University of California, Berkeley.
Many of the facts in this research reveal associations between education and variables like earnings. These relationships may be caused in part (or in whole) by factors that are related to education but not necessarily caused by education. Extended Course Description: Introduction to City Planning is an upper division course in the Department of City and Regional Planning providing students with a study of the origins, history, and legal basis for contemporary urban planning.
The course explores several key areas of planning practice in the United States including urban design, .