It is unsurprising that the author seems haunted by the notion of infirmity, since he was plagued by tuberculosis for most of his adult life and died of the disease at the age of forty-four. Chekhov also examines disease as a reflection of social degeneration. Chekhov thus focuses on disease to indicate individual frailty as well as the growing conflicts within society.
Elena Ivanovna Popova, a landowning little widow, with dimples on her cheeks Grigory Stepanovitch Smirnov, a middle-aged landowner Luka, Popova's aged footman Plot[ edit ] The play takes place in the drawing room of Elena Ivanovna Popova's estate on the seven-month anniversary of her husband's death.
Since her husband died, Popova has locked herself in the house in mourning. Her footman, Luka, begins the play by begging Popova to stop mourning and step outside the estate.
She ignores him, saying that she made a promise to her husband to remain forever faithful to his memory.
Their conversation is interrupted when Grigory Stepanovitch Smirnov arrives and wishes to see Elena Popova. Although Luka tells Grigory Smirnov to leave, he ignores Luka's requests and enters the dining room. Popova agrees to meet with him and Smirnov explains to her that her late husband owes him a sum of 1, roubles as a debt.
Because he is a landowner, Smirnov explains that he needs the sum paid to him on that same day to pay for the mortgage of a house due the next day.
Popova explains that she has no money with her and that she will settle her husband's debts when her steward arrives the day after tomorrow.
Smirnov gets angered by her refusal to pay him back and mocks the supposed 'mourning' of her husband, saying: Must I pay, or must I not?
Suppose your husband is dead, and you've got a state of mind, and nonsense of that sort And your steward's gone away somewhere, devil take him, what do you want me to do?
Do you think I can fly away from my creditors in a balloonor what? Or do you expect me to go and run my head into a brick wall? Smirnov decides that he will not leave the estate until his debts are paid off, even if that means waiting until the day after tomorrow. He and Popova get into another argument when he starts yelling at the footman to bring him kvass or any alcoholic beverage.
The argument turns into a debate about true love according to the different genders. Smirnov argues that women are incapable of loving "anybody except a lapdog", to which Popova argues that she wholeheartedly loved her husband although he cheated on her and disrespected her. The argument deteriorates into another shouting match about paying back the debt.
During this argument Popova insults Smirnov by calling him a bear, amongst other names, saying, "You're a boor! Popova, in turn, enthusiastically agrees and goes off to get a pair of guns her husband owned. Luka overhears their conversation, gets frightened for his mistress, and goes off to find someone to help put an end to their feud before anyone gets hurt.
Meanwhile, Smirnov says to himself how impressed he is by Popova's audacity and slowly realizes that he has actually fallen in love with her and her dimpled cheeks.
When Popova returns with the pistols, Smirnov makes his love confession. Popova oscillates between refusing him and ordering him to leave and telling him to stay. Eventually, the two get close and kiss each other just as Luka returns with the gardener and coachman.
Themes[ edit ] The Bear's comedy derives from the characters' lack of self-knowledge. The widow Popova fancies herself inconsolably bereaved, while Smirnov considers himself a misogynist. They are both stock examples of alazons:Give a summary of the short story "The Lottery Ticket" by Anton Chekhov.
Ivan Dmitritch is a middle class man who lives with his family. He is well contented as he sits on the sofa reading the paper. Literary analysis of anton chekhovs the bear Anthony the Great (17 January Old Style) 29 January , the third of six surviving children, in Taganrog, John essay the analysis poem scott drum a port on.
The wonder of Chekhov His short stories explore life's mysteries and mundanity in equal measure. James Lasdun celebrates Chekhov on the th anniversary of his birth Anton Chekhov, whose.
Anton Chekhov: Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright and master of the modern short story. He was a literary artist of laconic precision who probed below the surface of life, laying bare the secret motives of his characters.
Chekhov’s best plays and short stories . The Bear: A Joke in One Act, or The Boor (Russian: Медведь: Шутка в одном действии, tr. Medved': Shutka v odnom deystvii, ), is a one-act comedic play written by Russian author Anton iridis-photo-restoration.com play was originally dedicated to Nikolai Nikolaevich Solovtsov, Chekhov's boyhood friend and director/actor who first played the character Smirnov.
LUKA. / It isn't right, madam. You're just destroying yourself. The maid and the cook have gone off fruit picking, every living being is rejoicing, even the cat understands how.